Everyone has the capacity to generate waste. When we consume food or purchase other consumer products, waste is produced from the packaging and food leftover. If we have a yard or garden and we conduct a regular cleaning, we will be able to accumulate waste in the form of grass clippings and branches.
We also use household appliances and electronics to make our lives easier. However, these things tend to break down or become obsolete as years go by. As a result, we feel the need to throw them away and replace them with newer and better models. The more we throw things away, the more waste is generated.
What is solid waste?
Any solid or semisolid matter that are produced by human or animal activities which are then disposed for reasons such as how they have become hazardous or useless are referred to as solid waste. Majority of solid waste materials are considered as non-biodegradable. This means that they don’t have the capacity to get broken down using organic or inorganic processes.
Since they are non-biodegradable, solid waste items tend to accumulate over time which then poses a threat to human health. Moreover, decaying solid wastes attract unwanted household pests which leads to residential areas turning into places that are dirty, unhealthy and unsightly places for living in. Terrestrial organisms are also affected while the land’s more useful purposes are also reduced.
Common solid waste items include paper, bottles, plastic containers, cans, used cars and electronic goods.
How Solid Waste Is Classified
Solid waste can be classified according to the following terms:
- Rubbish – Refers to non-decomposable wastes which can be either combustible (cloth, wood and paper) or noncombustible (ceramics, glass and metal)
- Garbage – Refers to decomposable wastes that come from food material
- Mining waste – Refers to coal refuse piles and slag heaps
- Ashes – Refers to residues that are produced in a solid fuel combustion
- Agricultural wastes – These are crop residues and farm animal manure.
- Large wastes – These can include trees and debris from demolition and construction.
- Sewage-treatment solids – Refers to material that is retained on sewage-treatment screens, biomass sludge and settled solids
- Dead animals
- Industrial wastes – These include sand, paints and chemicals.
Major Sources of Solid Waste
Tonnes of solid waste is usually disposed off daily at various landfills. If waste is not properly stored and treated, these landfill sites tend to produce foul smell. It can also cause air pollution and a health hazard to humans, wildlife and the environment.
Solid waste come from the following major sources:
- Municipal Services
- Construction and Demolition Areas
- Treatment Plants and Sites
Managing Solid Waste
Collecting and treating solid waste is otherwise known as solid waste management. The latter refers to the various ways of changing and using solid waste as a valuable resource. Traditionally, strategies in waste management include the reusing of waste materials and recovering materials by way of landfills, incineration and recycling. In recent years, the latter has become the preferred method of disposing waste among several industries.
Need help in disposing solid waste items? You can call our office at 1300Rubbish for a professional solid waste disposal service. Just dial 1300 78 22 47 and talk to our friendly customer service team to learn more about our rubbish removal and disposal services.